According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the leading cause of death in the United States is heart disease (CDC). Heart disease is responsible for about one-quarter of all deaths in the United States. Nearly 611,000 people a year die of the condition.
Heart disease affects people from all walks of life. This particular health issue is the leading cause of death for the white, Hispanic, and Black populations. Americans are experiencing increasing rates of heart disease, with nearly half of the population being at risk. Discover why the heart disease rate has risen.
Even though heart disease can kill people, it is often avoidable. If you want to have a long and healthy life, adopting a healthy lifestyle can increase your life expectancy.
Different Types of Heart Diseases
A multitude of cardiovascular issues encompass heart disease. Heart disease is the name given to a group of illnesses and diseases. Among the various types of heart disease are:
- Arrhythmia. An arrhythmia is an abnormal heart rhythm.
- Atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis causes arteries to become thick and rigid.
- Cardiomyopathy. Heart conditions, such as an irregular heartbeat, make the heart’s muscles both stiffen and get weak.
- Congenital heart defects. Heart defects, which are the same as congenital heart defects, are defects present at birth.
- Cardiovascular disease (CAD). Plaque buildup in the heart’s arteries is responsible for CAD. Ischemic heart disease is also sometimes referred to as the condition.
- Heart-related Infections. Parasites are a leading cause of heart infections.
The term “cardiovascular disease” is used to describe blood vessel-related heart conditions.
Symptoms of Heart Diseases
An arrhythmia is an irregular heartbeat. Depending on the type of arrhythmia you have — too fast or too slow — your symptoms may differ. Arrhythmia causes include:
- A wildly racing heart
- Heavy beat
- Pain in the chest
Atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, deprives your hands and feet of adequate blood supply. Other symptoms of atherosclerosis include: shortness of breath and chest pain.
- Especially in the extremities, an icy feeling
- Especially in one’s limbs and extremities
- Pain that doesn’t fit into known patterns
- Difficulty in your arms and legs
Congenital heart defects
Heart problems, called congenital heart defects, develop when a foetus is developing. A variety of heart defects go undetected. They may show themselves when they cause symptoms, like:
- The extremities, with blue-tinted swelling
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Feeling exhausted and listless
- An erratic heartbeat
Cardiovascular Disease (CAD)
CAD is arterial plaque that is responsible for the distribution of oxygenated blood throughout the heart and lungs. People with CAD tend to have a variety of symptoms.
- Painful sensations in the chest
- A sensation of tightness in the chest, shortness of breath, nausea, and lightheadedness
- The uneasy sensation of stomach distress or flatulence
Cardiomyopathy is a disease that makes the heart’s muscles grow and stiffen. One of the signs of this condition is:
- Having a distended abdomen, along with particularly swollen ankles and feet
- Chest pain, breathlessness, or rapid heartbeat
You might call conditions like endocarditis or myocarditis heart infections. Some heart infections exhibit symptoms such as:
- Painful chest discomfort, chest congestion, coughing, fever, chills, or skin rash
Symptoms of Heart Diseases in Women
Heart disease can manifest differently in women than in men, with conditions like CAD and other cardiovascular diseases being unique to the ladies.
A 2003 study found that heart attack sufferers generally experienced the following symptoms: Chest pain and tingling were absent in the “classic” heart attack symptoms observed at the top of the list. The study found that women reported a greater number of health issues like anxiousness, sleep disturbances, and unexplained exhaustion.
Additionally, the women in the study reported symptoms lasting a month or more before they had their heart attack.
Other common problems that might be mistaken for heart disease in women include depression, menopause, and anxiety.
- Dizziness, paleness, and palpitations are common symptoms of heart disease in women.
- Shallow breathing or the inability to take a deep breath
- Anxiety causes you to faint or pass out
- Nausea and vomiting
- Jaw discomfort
- Neck discomfort
- Cold sweat (describing someone who is anxious or in pain)
Causes of Heart Disease
Diseases and disorders affecting the cardiovascular system comprise heart disease. Every heart disease has its own root cause. Atherosclerosis and CAD are caused by artery plaque build-up. You can find more information about heart disease in the bullet points that follow.
There are several reasons why a person may develop an abnormal heart rhythm, including:
congenital heart defects, including heart defects related to diabetes
- Various medicines (both pharmaceutical and herbal)
- A hypertension diagnosis (hypertension)
- Substance abuse (from excessive drinking or caffeine)
- Anxiety and stress
- The presence of preexisting heart issues or disease
Congenital heart defects
When a baby is developing in the womb, a heart condition may appear. It’s possible to detect some heart problems and begin treatment as early as possible. There are those who may go many years without diagnosis.
As you age, your heart’s structure will change. This can result in heart defects, which can lead to trouble.
Cardiomyopathy comes in many forms. Every kind is formed by a separate state.
- An enlarged heart, dilated cardiomyopathy While it is unknown what brings about this common kind of cardiomyopathy, in which the heart is weak, the effects are widely seen. The damage may have been due to heart attacks, infections, or other damage caused by drugs and illnesses. Some people believe it is passed down from generation to generation, while others say it comes from an inability to control blood pressure.
- Hypertension, or an enlarged heart. This kind of heart disease leads to an increased muscle thickness in the heart. It is mostly a genetic disorder.
- A cardiomyopathy characterised by a narrowing of the ventricles There is usually uncertainty about the origin of this disease that results in stiff heart walls. The reasons for this buildup may include tissue scarring and a disorder where an abnormal protein forms known as amyloidosis.
Heart infections are frequently caused by bacteria, parasites, and viruses. Even if these infections are treated, an untreated infection can still harm the heart.